Hypertension (high blood pressure): is a long-term medical condition in which the blood pressure in the arteries is persistently elevated.
Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the walls of the arteries as it flows through them.
Hypertension is a major risk factor for heart disease, stroke, heart failure, kidney disease, and vision loss.
If you have hypertension, it is important to control your blood pressure to reduce your risk of these complications.
Types of hypertension and causes:
Primary hypertension: the most common type of hypertension with unknown causes but it is thought to be due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Secondary hypertension: Which is caused by an underlying medical condition, such as kidney disease, thyroid problems, or sleep apnea.
When blood pressure is high, the heart has to work harder to pump blood throughout the body.
This can damage the heart, blood vessels, and other organs over time.
Signs and symptoms of hypertension and high blood pressure:
The symptoms of hypertension are usually not present until the condition has caused damage to the heart, blood vessels, or other organs.
⦁ Shortness of breath.
⦁ Chest pain.
⦁ Vision problems.
What is the normal blood pressure for adults and women?
The normal blood pressure range is below 120/80 mmHg. If your blood pressure is 140/90 mmHg or higher, you have hypertension.
How to lower blood pressure level naturally at home?
⦁ Lose weight: If you are overweight or obese, losing even a small amount of weight can help lower your blood pressure.
⦁ Eat a healthy diet: A healthy diet for blood pressure control includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. It is also important to limit your intake of sodium, saturated fat, and cholesterol.
⦁ Exercise regularly: Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
⦁ Quit smoking: Smoking damages the arteries and increases blood pressure. Quitting smoking is one of the best things you can do for your heart health.
⦁ Limit alcohol intake: Alcohol can raise blood pressure. If you drink alcohol, do so in moderation.
⦁ Manage stress: Stress can raise blood pressure. Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as exercise, yoga, or meditation.