A hernia is a health condition where an organ or tissue bulges through a weak spot in a surrounding muscle or connective tissue.
It can cause pain, discomfort, or a bulge in the affected area.
Hernias most commonly occur in the abdomen, but they can also develop in the groin, chest, and upper thigh.
In other words: A hernia occurs when an internal organ or tissue pushes through a weak spot in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall.
This often happens in areas where the abdominal wall is thinner, such as the groin, abdomen, or upper thigh.
Bellow are the types of hernias, and the location where they occur:
There are different types of hernias, each named for the location where they occur, possible symptoms and causes: such as inguinal, femoral, hiatal, umbilical, and incisional hernias. Click here to have hernia treatment medicine if you're a victim.
⦁ Inguinal hernia: The most common type of hernia, accounting for about 75% of all hernias. It occurs in the inner groin, where the intestine pushes through a gap in the lower abdominal wall, and can be caused by straining, coughing, or lifting heavy objects.
Inguinal hernias can be either indirect or direct, depending on where they enter the inguinal canal.
⦁ Femoral hernia: This type of hernia is similar to an inguinal hernia, but it occurs in the upper part of the thigh, near the outer groin, where the intestine or other tissue pushes through a weak point in the femoral canal.
Femoral hernias are more common in women than in men, and can be dangerous because they can cut off the blood supply to the trapped tissue, causing strangulation. This requires emergency surgery to prevent tissue death.
⦁ Umbilical hernia: A type of hernia that occurs around the belly button, where the intestine or other tissue pushes through a weak spot in the navel (umbilicus) or the abdominal wall.
Umbilical hernias are more common in infants and children than in adults, especially those who are premature or have low birth weight.
Umbilical hernias usually heal on their own in infants, but may require surgery in adults if they cause symptoms or complications.
⦁ Hiatal hernia: This type of hernia occurs when part of the stomach protrudes up into the chest through the opening in the diaphragm (hiatus) where the esophagus passes through.
Hiatal hernias can cause heartburn, acid reflux, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, or shortness of breath, and other digestive problems.
Hiatal hernias may be treated with medications, lifestyle changes, or surgery, depending on the severity and type of the hernia.
⦁ Incisional hernia: A hernia that occurs through a surgical scar, weakened area or wound in the abdominal wall that was created by a previous surgery.
Incisional hernias are more common in people who have had multiple abdominal surgeries, such as a cesarean section, appendectomy, or gallbladder removal.
Incisional hernias can increase the risk of infection, obstruction, or strangulation of the herniated tissue.
They usually require surgery to repair the abdominal wall and prevent recurrence.
How to treat and prevent hernia naturally at home without getting worse or surgery:
Bellow are some of the best method to prevent and reduce the risks of hernia without going to the doctor.
⦁ Maintain a healthy weight: Losing weight can help reduce this pressure and strengthen your muscles. Excess weight puts more strain on your abdominal wall, which can weaken the muscles and tissues and increase your risk of developing a hernia.
⦁ Get enough of the right exercise: Exercise helps to improve your digestion, strengthen your core muscles, which can provide support for your abdominal wall and help to prevent hernias. Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
⦁ Avoid straining, eat a high-fiber diet and drink plenty of water: Straining during bowel movements or coughing can put additional pressure on your abdominal wall.
Foods that are rich in fiber include fruits, vegetables, whole grains, nuts, seeds, and legumes.
If you have chronic constipation, talk to your doctor about treatment options. If you have a persistent cough, see a doctor to rule out any underlying medical conditions.
⦁ Avoid heavy lifting or strenuous activities that can strain your muscles and practice proper lifting techniques.
⦁ Control your blood sugar levels: If you have diabetes, it is important to control your blood sugar levels to prevent complications such as hernias. Talk to your doctor about developing a diabetes management plan.
⦁ See your doctor for regular checkups: Regular checkups can help your doctor identify any potential risk factors for hernias and recommend preventive measures.
⦁ Quit smoking: Smoking can cause chronic coughing, which can also put pressure on your abdominal wall and increase your hernia risk.
Smoking damages the collagen and elastin in your tissues, which can weaken your abdominal wall and increase your risk of developing a hernia. And also smoking can impair your healing process if you have a hernia or undergo surgery for it.