Acne is a skin condition that occurs when dead skin cells, bacteria and oil clog the pores in the skin, and can cause a variety of blemishes, including whiteheads, pimples, blackheads, pustules, papules, nodules, and cysts on the face, back, chest, and shoulders.
Potential causes of Acne: The exact cause of acne is unknown, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of factors, including:
⦁ Bacteria inflammation: A type of bacteria called Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) can grow in the pores and cause inflammation, which can lead to acne.
⦁ Hormonal changes: Acne is most common during puberty, when hormones cause the sebaceous glands to produce more oil. Hormonal changes related to pregnancy and menstruation can also trigger acne outbreaks.
⦁ Excess oil production: Sebum is an oily substance that helps to keep the skin hydrated. However, too much sebum can clog pores and lead to acne.
⦁ Clogged pores: Dead skin cells can accumulate in the pores and trap oil, leading to acne.
⦁ Other factors: Other factors that may contribute to acne include genetics, diet, stress, and certain medications.
Recommended acne treatment cream:
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Possible risk factors of acne:
⦁ Age: Acne is most common in teenagers and young adults, but it can occur at any age.
⦁ Sex (gender): Acne is slightly more common in boys than in girls.
⦁ Family history: If your parents had acne, you are more likely to develop it as well.
⦁ Medications: Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, lithium, and some types of hormonal birth control, can cause acne.
⦁ Greasy or oily substances: Contact with oily substances, such as cosmetics, hair products, and lubricants, can trigger acne outbreaks.
⦁ Friction or pressure on the skin: Friction or pressure from helmets, tight collars, or backpacks can also cause acne outbreaks.
Best way to prevent acne:
There is no guaranteed way to prevent acne, but below are some possible things you can do to reduce your risk, such as:
⦁ Wash your face twice a day with a mild soap.
⦁ Avoid using harsh scrubs or exfoliating products.
⦁ Use oil-free cosmetics and hair products.
⦁ Avoid touching your face throughout the day.
⦁ Remove your makeup before bed.
⦁ Wear loose-fitting clothing that does not rub against your skin.